Head of Department Dr. Siti Zarina binti Amir Hassan
Phone 03-26155555 ext 5836/7090  
Fax 03-26155714
Email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The Nuclear Medicine unit was formed in 1964 as a subunit under the Department of Radiotherapy, Hospital Kuala Lumpur. In January 1993, the Nuclear Medicine unit was then incorporated as a subunit of the Department of Medicine. On 1st April 2006, it was granted independent rights and thence recognised as an independant department. 

The initial equipment at inception were a Thyroid Uptake Machine and a Rectilinear Scanner. In 1980, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) presented the department with a gamma camera (Searle LFOV),which been written off since 1990 due to irreparable damage. An additional gamma camera (single head, SPECT capable) was purchased in 1988. 

At present, there are 4 gamma cameras in the department: PICKER PRISM 2000( dual head, SPECT capable), ADAC VERTEX PLUS (dual head SPECT capable)and 2 Siemens E-Cam (dual head, SPECT capable). At the end of 2006, A PET/CT and Cyclotron (branch of nuclear medicine) centre was instated and formally inaugurated at Putrajaya Hospital in November 2006. 

The Nuclear Medicine Department provides services comprising both diagnostic and therapeutic using radioactive substances through safe, effective and specialised technigues of high quality. 


1.To provide a wide spectrum of nuclear medicine services to the population of Malaysia at a level compatible with internationally accepted standards.

2.To establish a nuclear medicine training centre in the hospital and strengthen the status as a national referral centre.

3.To establish a Masters' programme for Doctors in the field of nuclear medicine and Diploma courses for paramedics.

4.To establish the basic nuclear medicine facility of both diagnostic and therapeutic services in each regional hospital in the country.


1.To increase technical expertise in the field of nuclear medicine through cooperation with overseas agencies such as the IAEA and regional cooperative agreements like the Malaysia - Australia bilateral agreement where training is provided overseas. 

2.To increase number of staff by creating career and training opportunities within and outside the country. 

3.To improve and upgrade equipment to improve quality of studies and increase patient throughput. 

4.To train doctors and paramedical staffs in the field of nuclear medicine.


1.To introduce the Masters of Nuclear Medicine in collaboration with the University of Sains Malaysia and Ministry of Health.

2.To increase the number and range of diagnostic and therapeutic services available.

3.To expand and upgrade current nuclear medicine status and services in Malaysia.

4.Proposed Nuclear Medicine regional services in Malaysia :- 

   i) Hospitals which have Nuclear Medicine facilities at present are:

     - Hospital Kuala Lumpur (1964)

     - Hospital Kuching, Sarawak (1986)

     - Hospital Pulau Pinang (1996)

     - Hospital Sultanah Aminah, Johor Bharu;(1997) 

Services provided are classified under treatment and investigations: 


1. Radioactive Iodine (Iodine - 131) for:-

    a. Patients with relapse/ resistant thyrotoxicosis 

    b. Thyroid cancer patients

    c. The patients are reviewed regularly in the thyroid clinic run by the department.

    d. Yitrium-90 radioimmunotherapy for relapsed or resistant Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma 

    e. Radiosynovectomy using P-32 in Haemophila patients with refractory haemarthrosis


Scans (Imaging Investigations) 

A. Planar/Spect/Dynamic

1. Bone Scan 
2. Renal DTPA Study 
3. Renal DMSA Study 
4. GIT Bleeding Study
5. Meckel's Study 
6. HIDA Scan 
7. Lung Scan 
8. Myocardial Perfusion Study
9. MUGA Scan
10. Iodine-131 Whole Body Scan
11. Gallium Scan
12. Liver scan
13. Brain scan
14. Thyroid scan
15. MIBG scan
16. Spleen Scan

B. PET/CT imaging

1. Oncology 


    1.Red Cell Mass Estimation

    2.Red Cell Survival / Sequestration Study

    3.Dicopac Test - temporarily suspended

    4.GFR Estimation - Gates

    - 51 Chromium EDTA clearance method


  7.30 am - 1.00 pm 2.00 pm - 5.00 pm
MONDAY Nuclear Medicine Clinic 
- New Cases 
   (Tyroid cancer & Thyratoxicosis) 
- Follow-Up 
- Scan & Nuclear Medicine Test 
- Admission Patient (Tyroid Cancer)
- Scan 
- Report Preparation
TUESDAY Nuclear Medicine Clinic 
- Iodine Whole Body Scan Preparation 
- Treatment & Follow-up 
   (Thyratoxicosis & Tyroid cancer) 
- Heart Perfusion Test 
- Scan
- Scan 
- Report Preparation
WEDNESDAY - Heart Perfusion Test 
- Scan
- Scan 
- Report Preparation
THURSDAY Nuclear Medicine Clinic 
- Follow-up Cases 
- Scan
- Scan 
- Report Preparation
  7.30 am - 12.15 pm 2.45 pm - 5.00 pm
FRIDAY - Iodine Whole Body Scan Diagnostic 
   & Tyroid Cancer Treatment 
- Others scan 
- Nuclear Medicine Test
- Iodine Whole Body Scan Diagnostic 
   (Warded Patient) 
- Patient Discharged 
- Others Scan

Government hospitals' referral & staff : Guarantee Letter (GL)
Private Referral: RM30 (Citizen) and RM60 (Non-Citizen)
Followup :- RM 5.00 
Iodine Treatment: 
Government hospitals' referral & staff : GL
Others - RM 500


The training programmes that are currently available are organized by the Malaysian Nuclear Energy (formerly known as MINT) and with collaboration with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The programmes are grouped under clinical, physics and radiation protection or technical categories and are held as courses, seminars, workshops, symposiums, conferences and also training attachment to a nuclear medicine centre.

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